What Verdicts Can A Jury Give?

What are the three types of verdicts?

Rule 49 identifies three kinds of jury verdicts: general, special, and general with interrogatories.

The general verdict asks the jury one (or two) questions going to the ultimate issues (“do you find for the plaintiff or the defendant?” or “do you find the defendant guilty or not guilty?”)..

How a lawyer asks the judge to make a decision?

brief – A written statement submitted by the lawyer for each side in a case that explains to the judge(s) why they should decide the case (or a particular part of a case) in favor of that lawyer’s client.

What should you not say in court?

8 Things You Should Never Say to a Judge While in CourtAnything that sounds memorized. Speak in your own words. … Anything angry. Keep your calm no matter what. … ‘They didn’t tell me … ‘ That’s not their problem. … Any expletives. You might get thrown in jail. … Any of these specific words. … Anything that’s an exaggeration. … Anything you can’t amend. … Any volunteered information.

Is it better to plead or go to trial?

Having a guilty plea or a no contest plea on the record will look better than having a conviction after a trial. This is partly because the defendant likely will plead guilty or no contest to a lesser level of offense or to fewer offenses.

Do all 12 jurors have to agree for a guilty verdict?

All jurors should deliberate and vote on each issue to be decided in the case. … In a civil case, the judge will tell you how many jurors must agree in order to reach a verdict. In a criminal case, the unanimous agreement of all 12 jurors is required.

What do judges base their decisions on?

Judges base their decisions on precedents set in similar cases.

What happens if you end up with a hung jury?

If the jurors cannot agree on a verdict, a hung jury results, leading to a mistrial. The case is not decided, and it may be tried again at a later date before a new jury. Or the plaintiff or government may decide not to pursue the case further and there will be no subsequent trial.

What happens if a jury finds you not guilty?

A verdict of not guilty constitutes an acquittal. In other words, to find a defendant not guilty is to acquit. At trial, an acquittal occurs when the jury (or the judge if it’s a judge trial) determines that the prosecution hasn’t proved the defendant guilty beyond a reasonable doubt. (But see Jury Nullification.)

What verdicts can a jury return?

(b) Partial Verdicts, Mistrial, and Retrial. … If the jury cannot agree on all counts as to any defendant, the jury may return a verdict on those counts on which it has agreed. (3) Mistrial and Retrial. If the jury cannot agree on a verdict on one or more counts, the court may declare a mistrial on those counts.

How many times can you have a hung jury?

When there are insufficient jurors voting one way or the other to deliver either a guilty or not guilty verdict, the jury is known as a “hung jury” or it might be said that jurors are “deadlocked”. The judge may direct them to deliberate further, usually no more than once or twice.

How common are hung juries?

Hung Juries Are Still Relatively Rare But generally speaking, hung juries are still rare. The NCSC study I refer to also shows that hung juries in state-level criminal felony cases is only 6.2 percent. In federal cases, that number shrinks to 2.5 percent. And many of those cases are successfully retried to a verdict.

What types of cases do juries sit on?

Types of Cases Heard by JuriesCriminal trial: An individual is accused of committing a crime that is considered against society as a whole. Twelve people, and alternates, make up a criminal jury. … Civil trial: Litigants seek remedies for private wrongs that don’t necessarily have a broader social impact.

Why does the judge look at the verdict first?

Because of the possibility of misunderstandings, the court will proofread the verdict before the jury foreman reads it aloud to prevent any appellate issues with the judgment or sentence rendered by the jury. The verdict sheet must be filled out as instructed and signed by the foreman.

Can a judge order a jury verdict?

The judge can direct a jury, but cannot oblige it to go along with his interpretation. … The law makes it clear that this is an offence and, assuming that the accusation is proven beyond any reasonable doubt, a judge would probably request a guilty verdict to be returned.

Why did the jury only take 4 hours?

That’s including a lunch break. After that many months of listening to testimonies and being presented evidence, it only took four hours for the jury to decide that O.J. Simpson was not guilty of the murders of Nicole Simpson Brown and Ron Goldman.